Arcade Performance Information¶
How does the Arcade library perform? Here are some benchmarks, and comparisons to PyGame 1.9.4, another very popular 2D Python library.
Drawing Stationary Sprites¶
Drawing the sprites contained in an Arcade
arcade.sprite_list.SpriteList class is a very fast
operation. You can
put almost as many sprites into a SpriteList as you want (I’ve had over 400,000)
and still keep 60 fps.
This is great for huge maps, as you can draw a lot of tiles before worrying about optimization.
Pygame takes a lot longer to draw sprites, but it still can handle thousands of them before you notice a slowdown. For many applications it is still enough.
Figure 1 created was created by timing the drawing of:
The faster drawing speed of Arcade comes at a cost. It takes longer to move sprites in Arcade than Pygame.
Why? Arcade not only stores the sprite location in the Python object, it also stores the sprite location in a numpy data array managed by the SpriteList. This numpy array gets passed to the graphics card. Changing a numpy value in the array is much slower than changing a native Python value.
If a game has a large map made out of mostly unmoving tiles, then the faster drawing speed is great.
Hopefully we will soon find a way to improve moving sprite speed. Using ctypes might be faster, or some additional native code.
Figure 2 created was timing the movement of:
Pygame has fast collision detection as the rects are managed in C, and that part of Pygame compiles natively to the computer. The trade-off for not being pure Python is very fast collision detection, even if it is an O(n) operation.
Arcade is much slower, as you can see from the blue line below.
The way to speed collision detection in Arcade to use turn on spatial hashing.
This can be done by including
use_spatial_hash=True as a parameter when creating a SpriteList.
Spatial hashing allows us to group the sprites so that we only check sprites that
are nearby. For sprites that are spread out (like a map) we can do detection
closer to O(1).
Unfortunately, it take longer to move a sprite in a SpriteList with spatial hashing enabled because the hash maps have to be updated. For applications like map walls, wanter, etc. it works great since their location rarely changes.
You can specify points of a polygon (and even draw them using the TileMap editor) for collision detection. Arcade first checks the spatial hash, then a rough calculation based on sprite radius, then by the containing rect, and finally checks the polygon with the earclip algorithm.
Figure 3 created was created by: