Source code for arcade.tilemap

Functions and classes for managing a map saved in the .tmx format.

Typically these .tmx maps are created using the `Tiled Map Editor`_.

For more information, see the `Platformer Tutorial`_.

.. _Tiled Map Editor:
.. _Platformer Tutorial:


from typing import Optional, List, cast, Union
import math
import copy
import pytiled_parser
import os
from pathlib import Path

from arcade import Sprite
from arcade import AnimatedTimeBasedSprite
from arcade import AnimationKeyframe
from arcade import SpriteList
from arcade import load_texture
from arcade.arcade_types import Point
from arcade.resources import resolve_resource_path


[docs]def read_tmx(tmx_file: Union[str, Path]) -> pytiled_parser.objects.TileMap: """ Given a .tmx, this will read in a tiled map, and return a TiledMap object. Given a tsx_file, the map will use it as the tileset. If tsx_file is not specified, it will use the tileset specified within the tmx_file. Important: Tiles must be a "collection" of images. Hitboxes can be drawn around tiles in the tileset editor, but only polygons are supported. (This is a great area for PR's to improve things.) :param str tmx_file: String with name of our TMX file :returns: Map :rtype: TiledMap """ # If we should pull from local resources, replace with proper path tmx_file = resolve_resource_path(tmx_file) tile_map = pytiled_parser.parse_tile_map(tmx_file) return tile_map
[docs]def get_tilemap_layer(map_object: pytiled_parser.objects.TileMap, layer_path: str) -> Optional[pytiled_parser.objects.Layer]: """ Given a TileMap and a layer path, this returns the TileLayer. :param pytiled_parser.objects.TileMap map_object: The map read in by the read_tmx function. :param str layer_path: A string to match the layer name. Case sensitive. :returns: A TileLayer, or None if no layer was found. """ assert isinstance(map_object, pytiled_parser.objects.TileMap) assert isinstance(layer_path, str) def _get_tilemap_layer(path, layers): layer_name = path.pop(0) for layer in layers: if == layer_name: if isinstance(layer, pytiled_parser.objects.LayerGroup): if len(path) != 0: return _get_tilemap_layer(path, layer.layers) else: return layer return None path = layer_path.strip('/').split('/') layer = _get_tilemap_layer(path, map_object.layers) return layer
def _get_tile_by_gid(map_object: pytiled_parser.objects.TileMap, tile_gid: int) -> Optional[pytiled_parser.objects.Tile]: flipped_diagonally = False flipped_horizontally = False flipped_vertically = False if tile_gid & _FLIPPED_HORIZONTALLY_FLAG: flipped_horizontally = True tile_gid -= _FLIPPED_HORIZONTALLY_FLAG if tile_gid & _FLIPPED_DIAGONALLY_FLAG: flipped_diagonally = True tile_gid -= _FLIPPED_DIAGONALLY_FLAG if tile_gid & _FLIPPED_VERTICALLY_FLAG: flipped_vertically = True tile_gid -= _FLIPPED_VERTICALLY_FLAG for tileset_key, tileset in map_object.tile_sets.items(): if tile_gid < tileset_key: continue tile_ref = tileset.tiles.get(tile_gid - tileset_key) # No specific tile info, but there is a tile sheet if tile_ref is None \ and tileset.image is not None \ and tileset_key <= tile_gid < tileset_key + tileset.tile_count: image = pytiled_parser.objects.Image(source=tileset.image.source) tile_ref = pytiled_parser.objects.Tile(id_=(tile_gid - tileset_key), image=image) if tile_ref is None: continue my_tile = copy.copy(tile_ref) my_tile.tileset = tileset my_tile.flipped_vertically = flipped_vertically my_tile.flipped_diagonally = flipped_diagonally my_tile.flipped_horizontally = flipped_horizontally return my_tile return None def _get_tile_by_id(map_object: pytiled_parser.objects.TileMap, tileset: pytiled_parser.objects.TileSet, tile_id: int) -> Optional[pytiled_parser.objects.Tile]: for tileset_key, cur_tileset in map_object.tile_sets.items(): if cur_tileset is tileset: for tile_key, tile in cur_tileset.tiles.items(): if tile_id == tile.id_: return tile return None def _get_image_info_from_tileset(tile): image_x = 0 image_y = 0 if tile.tileset.image is not None: margin = tile.tileset.margin or 0 spacing = tile.tileset.spacing or 0 row = tile.id_ // tile.tileset.columns image_y = margin + row * (tile.tileset.max_tile_size.height + spacing) col = tile.id_ % tile.tileset.columns image_x = margin + col * (tile.tileset.max_tile_size.width + spacing) if tile.image and tile.image.size: # Individual image, use image width and height width = tile.image.size.width height = tile.image.size.height else: # Sprite sheet, use max width/height from sheet width = tile.tileset.max_tile_size.width height = tile.tileset.max_tile_size.height return image_x, image_y, width, height def _get_image_source(tile: pytiled_parser.objects.Tile, base_directory: Optional[str], map_directory: Optional[str]): image_file = None if tile.image: image_file = tile.image.source elif tile.tileset.image: image_file = tile.tileset.image.source if not image_file: print(f"Warning for tile {tile.id_}, no image source listed either for individual tile, or as a tileset.") return None if os.path.exists(image_file): return image_file if base_directory: try2 = Path(base_directory, image_file) if os.path.exists(try2): return try2 if map_directory: try3 = Path(map_directory, image_file) if os.path.exists(try3): return try3 if tile.tileset and tile.tileset.parent_dir: try4 = Path(tile.tileset.parent_dir, image_file) if os.path.exists(try4): return try4 print(f"Warning, can't file image {image_file} for tile {tile.id_} - {base_directory}") return None def _create_sprite_from_tile(map_object: pytiled_parser.objects.TileMap, tile: pytiled_parser.objects.Tile, scaling: float = 1.0, base_directory: str = None, hit_box_algorithm="Simple", hit_box_detail: float = 4.5 ): """ Given a tile from the parser, see if we can create a sprite from it """ # --- Step 1, find a reference to an image this is going to be based off of map_source = map_object.tmx_file map_directory = os.path.dirname(map_source) image_file = _get_image_source(tile, base_directory, map_directory) # print(f"Creating tile: {tmx_file}") if tile.animation: # my_sprite = AnimatedTimeSprite(tmx_file, scaling) my_sprite: Sprite = AnimatedTimeBasedSprite(image_file, scaling) else: image_x, image_y, width, height = _get_image_info_from_tileset(tile) my_sprite = Sprite(image_file, scaling, image_x, image_y, width, height, flipped_horizontally=tile.flipped_horizontally, flipped_vertically=tile.flipped_vertically, flipped_diagonally=tile.flipped_diagonally, hit_box_algorithm=hit_box_algorithm, hit_box_detail=hit_box_detail ) if is not None and len( > 0: for my_property in[] = my_property.value if tile.type_:['type'] = tile.type_ # print(tile.image.source, my_sprite.center_x, my_sprite.center_y) if tile.objectgroup is not None: if len(tile.objectgroup) > 1: print(f"Warning, only one hit box supported for tile with image {tile.image.source}.") for hitbox in tile.objectgroup: points: List[Point] = [] if isinstance(hitbox, pytiled_parser.objects.RectangleObject): if hitbox.size is None: print(f"Warning: Rectangle hitbox created for without a " f"height or width for {tile.image.source}. Ignoring.") continue # print(my_sprite.width, my_sprite.height) sx = hitbox.location[0] - (my_sprite.width / (scaling * 2)) sy = -(hitbox.location[1] - (my_sprite.height / (scaling * 2))) ex = (hitbox.location[0] + hitbox.size[0]) - (my_sprite.width / (scaling * 2)) ey = -((hitbox.location[1] + hitbox.size[1]) - (my_sprite.height / (scaling * 2))) # print(f"Size: {hitbox.size} Location: {hitbox.location}") p1 = [sx, sy] p2 = [ex, sy] p3 = [ex, ey] p4 = [sx, ey] # print(f"w:{my_sprite.width:.1f}, h:{my_sprite.height:.1f}", end=", ") points = [p1, p2, p3, p4] # for point in points: # print(f"({point[0]:.1f}, {point[1]:.1f}) ") # print() elif isinstance(hitbox, pytiled_parser.objects.PolygonObject) \ or isinstance(hitbox, pytiled_parser.objects.PolylineObject): for point in hitbox.points: adj_x = point[0] + hitbox.location[0] - my_sprite.width / (scaling * 2) adj_y = -(point[1] + hitbox.location[1] - my_sprite.height / (scaling * 2)) adj_point = [adj_x, adj_y] points.append(adj_point) # If we have a polyline, and it is closed, we need to # remove the duplicate end-point if points[0][0] == points[-1][0] and points[0][1] == points[-1][1]: points.pop() elif isinstance(hitbox, pytiled_parser.objects.ElipseObject): if hitbox.size is None: print(f"Warning: Ellipse hitbox created for without a height " f"or width for {tile.image.source}. Ignoring.") continue # print(f"Size: {hitbox.size} Location: {hitbox.location}") hw = hitbox.size[0] / 2 hh = hitbox.size[1] / 2 cx = hitbox.location[0] + hw cy = hitbox.location[1] + hh acx = cx - (my_sprite.width / (scaling * 2)) acy = cy - (my_sprite.height / (scaling * 2)) # print(f"acx: {acx} acy: {acy} cx: {cx} cy: {cy} hh: {hh} hw: {hw}") total_steps = 8 angles = [step / total_steps * 2 * math.pi for step in range(total_steps)] for angle in angles: x = (hw * math.cos(angle) + acx) y = (-(hh * math.sin(angle) + acy)) point = [x, y] points.append(point) # for point in points: # print(f"({point[0]:.1f}, {point[1]:.1f}) ") # print() else: print(f"Warning: Hitbox type {type(hitbox)} not supported.") my_sprite.set_hit_box(points) if tile.animation is not None: # Animated image key_frame_list = [] # Loop through each frame for frame in tile.animation: # Get the tile for the frame frame_tile = _get_tile_by_id(map_object, tile.tileset, frame.tile_id) if frame_tile: image_file = _get_image_source(frame_tile, base_directory, map_directory) # Does the tile have an image? if frame_tile.image: # Yes, use it texture = load_texture(image_file) else: # No image for tile? Pull from tilesheet image_x, image_y, width, height = _get_image_info_from_tileset(frame_tile) texture = load_texture(image_file, image_x, image_y, width, height) key_frame = AnimationKeyframe(frame.tile_id, frame.duration, texture) key_frame_list.append(key_frame) # If this is the first texture in the animation, go ahead and # set it as the current texture. if len(key_frame_list) == 1: my_sprite.texture = key_frame.texture # print(f"Add tile {frame.tile_id} for keyframe. Source: {frame_tile.image.source}") cast(AnimatedTimeBasedSprite, my_sprite).frames = key_frame_list return my_sprite def _process_object_layer(map_object: pytiled_parser.objects.TileMap, layer: pytiled_parser.objects.ObjectLayer, scaling: float = 1, base_directory: str = "", use_spatial_hash: Optional[bool] = None, hit_box_algorithm = "Simple", hit_box_detail = 4.5) -> SpriteList: sprite_list: SpriteList = SpriteList(use_spatial_hash=use_spatial_hash) for cur_object in layer.tiled_objects: if cur_object.gid is None: print("Warning: Currently only tiles (not objects) are supported in object layers.") continue tile = _get_tile_by_gid(map_object, cur_object.gid) my_sprite = _create_sprite_from_tile(map_object, tile, scaling=scaling, base_directory=base_directory, hit_box_algorithm=hit_box_algorithm, hit_box_detail=hit_box_detail) x = cur_object.location.x * scaling y = (map_object.map_size.height * map_object.tile_size[1] - cur_object.location.y) * scaling my_sprite.width = width = cur_object.size[0] * scaling my_sprite.height = height = cur_object.size[1] * scaling center_x = width / 2 center_y = height / 2 if cur_object.rotation is not None: rotation = -math.radians(cur_object.rotation) else: rotation = 0 cos_rotation = math.cos(rotation) sin_rotation = math.sin(rotation) rotated_center_x = center_x * cos_rotation - center_y * sin_rotation rotated_center_y = center_x * sin_rotation + center_y * cos_rotation my_sprite.position = (x + rotated_center_x, y + rotated_center_y) my_sprite.angle = math.degrees(rotation) # Opacity opacity = layer.opacity if opacity: my_sprite.alpha = int(opacity * 255) # Properties if is not None and 'change_x' in my_sprite.change_x = float(['change_x']) if is not None and 'change_y' in my_sprite.change_y = float(['change_y']) if is not None and 'boundary_bottom' in my_sprite.boundary_bottom = float(['boundary_bottom']) if is not None and 'boundary_top' in my_sprite.boundary_top = float(['boundary_top']) if is not None and 'boundary_left' in my_sprite.boundary_left = float(['boundary_left']) if is not None and 'boundary_right' in my_sprite.boundary_right = float(['boundary_right']) if is not None: if cur_object.type:['type'] = cur_object.type if['name'] = sprite_list.append(my_sprite) return sprite_list def _process_tile_layer(map_object: pytiled_parser.objects.TileMap, layer: pytiled_parser.objects.TileLayer, scaling: float = 1, base_directory: str = "", use_spatial_hash: Optional[bool] = None, hit_box_algorithm="Simple", hit_box_detail: float = 4.5 ) -> SpriteList: sprite_list: SpriteList = SpriteList(use_spatial_hash=use_spatial_hash) map_array = layer.layer_data # Loop through the layer and add in the wall list for row_index, row in enumerate(map_array): for column_index, item in enumerate(row): # Check for empty square if item == 0: continue tile = _get_tile_by_gid(map_object, item) if tile is None: error_msg = f"Warning, couldn't find tile for item {item} in layer " \ f"'{}' in file '{map_object.tmx_file}'." raise ValueError(error_msg) my_sprite = _create_sprite_from_tile(map_object, tile, scaling=scaling, base_directory=base_directory, hit_box_algorithm=hit_box_algorithm, hit_box_detail=hit_box_detail) if my_sprite is None: print(f"Warning: Could not create sprite number {item} in layer '{}' {tile.image.source}") else: my_sprite.center_x = column_index * (map_object.tile_size[0] * scaling) + my_sprite.width / 2 my_sprite.center_y = (map_object.map_size.height - row_index - 1) \ * (map_object.tile_size[1] * scaling) + my_sprite.height / 2 # Opacity opacity = layer.opacity if opacity: my_sprite.alpha = int(opacity * 255) sprite_list.append(my_sprite) return sprite_list
[docs]def process_layer(map_object: pytiled_parser.objects.TileMap, layer_name: str, scaling: float = 1, base_directory: str = "", use_spatial_hash: Optional[bool] = None, hit_box_algorithm="Simple", hit_box_detail: float = 4.5 ) -> SpriteList: """ This takes a map layer returned by the read_tmx function, and creates Sprites for it. :param map_object: The TileMap read in by read_tmx. :param layer_name: The name of the layer that we are creating sprites for. :param scaling: Scaling the layer up or down. (Note, any number besides 1 can create a tearing effect, if numbers don't evenly divide.) :param base_directory: Base directory of the file, that we start from to load images. :param use_spatial_hash: If all, or at least 75%, of the loaded tiles will not move between frames and you are using either the simple physics engine or platformer physics engine, set this to True to speed collision calculation. Leave False if using PyMunk, if all sprites are moving, or if no collision will be checked. :param str hit_box_algorithm: One of 'None', 'Simple' or 'Detailed'. \ Defaults to 'Simple'. Use 'Simple' for the :data:`PhysicsEngineSimple`, \ :data:`PhysicsEnginePlatformer` \ and 'Detailed' for the :data:`PymunkPhysicsEngine`. .. figure:: images/hit_box_algorithm_none.png :width: 40% hit_box_algorithm = "None" .. figure:: images/hit_box_algorithm_simple.png :width: 55% hit_box_algorithm = "Simple" .. figure:: images/hit_box_algorithm_detailed.png :width: 75% hit_box_algorithm = "Detailed" :param float hit_box_detail: Float, defaults to 4.5. Used with 'Detailed' to hit box :returns: A SpriteList. """ if len(base_directory) > 0 and not base_directory.endswith("/"): base_directory += "/" layer = get_tilemap_layer(map_object, layer_name) if layer is None: print(f"Warning, no layer named '{layer_name}'.") return SpriteList() if isinstance(layer, pytiled_parser.objects.TileLayer): return _process_tile_layer(map_object, layer, scaling, base_directory, use_spatial_hash, hit_box_algorithm, hit_box_detail) elif isinstance(layer, pytiled_parser.objects.ObjectLayer): return _process_object_layer(map_object, layer, scaling, base_directory, use_spatial_hash, hit_box_algorithm, hit_box_detail ) print(f"Warning, layer '{layer_name}' has unexpected type. '{type(layer)}'") return SpriteList()